Waste Technology Section

POST ACCIDENT AND CLEANUP DOCUMENTS

Following previous serious reactor accidents and their ensuing clean-up, the IAEA undertook to document the experience gained via its Technical Reports Series. The production of these documents pre-dated modern practices, and for some only a single hard-copy in less-than-perfect condition exists.

While some of the advice provided may be out-of-date, the description of the post-accident conditions, the steps taken and the strategies these documents contain have provided important starting points for recent discussions pertaining to Fukushima.




CLEANUP OF LARGE AREAS CONTAMINATED AS A RESULT OF A NUCLEAR ACCIDENT
TECHNICAL REPORTS SERIES NO. 300 (1989)

The report provides an overview of the methodology and technology available to clean up contaminated areas and to give preliminary guidance on matters related to the planning, implementation and management of such cleanups. This guidance will help ensure that such cleanup can be performed as safely, efficiently and quickly as possible under adverse conditions if it is decided that this type of intervention is required. The information is directed at emergency planners, regulators and other decision makers who are responsible for such emergency planning.

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MANAGEMENT OF SEVERELY DAMAGED NUCLEAR FUEL AND RELATED WASTE
TECHNICAL REPORTS SERIES NO. 321 (1991)

This work addresses on-site, post-accident management leading to a stable condition with respect to gaining absolute control over damaged fuel and related waste and to ensuring there is no longer the potential for uncontrolled release to the environment. From it, managers responsible for the safe operation of nuclear power plants should acquire an overview of the principles involved for establishing control of damaged fuel, abnormal waste and the plant itself.

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PLANNING FOR CLEANUP OF LARGE AREAS CONTAMINATED AS A RESULT OF A NUCLEAR ACCIDENT
TECHNICAL REPORTS SERIES NO. 327 (1991)

The publication gives guidance to those who are responsible for the protection of the public in the event of an accident at a nuclear facility which results in serious off-site radioactive contamination. This guidance relates specifically to the advance preparation of emergency response plans related to the implementation and management of the cleanup of contaminated areas and is intended to ensure that such plans are integrated with the overall emergency plan.

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DISPOSAL OF WASTE FROM THE CLEANUP OF LARGE AREAS CONTAMINATES AS A RESULT FO A NUCLEAR ACCIDENT
TECHNICAL REPORTS SERIES NO. 330 (1992)

The purpose of this report is to give guidance to Member States on the means for safe loading, transport and disposal of large volumes of contaminated material which could arise from the cleanup of areas contaminated as a result of a serious accident at a nuclear facility.

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CLEANUP AND DECOMMISSIONING OF A NUCLEAR REACTOR AFTER A SEVERE ACCIDENT
TECHNICAL REPORTS SERIES NO. 346 (1992)

The report provides an overview of factors relevant to the identification of cleanup requirements and to the choice of a decommissioning option for a severely damaged nuclear power plant. A methodology is proposed to evaluate various options and to select an appropriate action in a particular accident situation. The report should serve national authorities concerned with handling severe accidents, and the various organizations and operating personnel involved in collecting and evaluating the necessary information for the decision making process.

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