Small and Medium Sized Reactors (SMRs) Development, Assessment and Deployment

There is continuing interest in Member States in the development and deployment of small and medium sized reactors (SMRs). According to the classification adopted by the IAEA, small reactors are reactors with an equivalent electric power of less than 300 MW(e) and medium sized reactors are reactors with an equivalent electric power of between 300 and 700 MW(e). Worldwide, 131 SMR units are in operation in 26 Member States, with a capacity of 59 GWe. At present, 14 SMRs are under construction in 6 countries: Argentina, China, India, Pakistan, the Russian Federation and Slovakia. Research is being carried out on approximately 45 Advanced SMR concepts for electricity generation, process heat production, desalination, hydrogen generation and other applications in 10 Member States. These include Argentina, Canada, China, France, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, South Africa, and United States of America. SMRs are under development for all principal reactor lines: light water reactors (LWRs), heavy water reactors (HWRs), gas cooled reactors (GCRs) and liquid metal cooled reactors (LMCRs).

SMR
New booklet: Advances in SMR
Technology Development

The considerable development work on small to medium sized designs generally aims to provide increased benefits in the areas of safety and security, non-proliferation, waste management, and resource utilization and economy, as well as to offer a variety of energy products and flexibility in design, siting and fuel cycle options. Specifically, SMRs address deployment needs for smaller grids and lower rates of increase in demand. They are designed with modular technology, pursuing economies of series production, factory fabrication and short construction times. The projected timelines of readiness for deployment of SMR designs generally range from the present to 2025–2030. To learn more about the status and near term prospects of SMRs, please download Advances in SMR Technology Development 2014.

The Agency's role is to coordinate efforts of its Member States to facilitate the development of SMRs of various types by taking a systematic approach to the identification and development of key enabling technologies to achieve competitiveness and reliable performance of such reactors, and by addressing common infrastructure issues that could facilitate their deployment. To achieve this goal the Agency continues a regular budget project 1.1.5.5 "Common Technologies and Issues for SMRs".

The IAEA General Conference resolution GC(53)/RES/13/Tab B.3 of September 2009 encouraged the secretariat to continue the activities of the Regular Budget project "Common technologies and issues for SMRs" on both the development of key enabling technologies and the resolution of key infrastructure issues for innovative SMRs of various types, which is complementary to the extrabudgetary "International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycle" (INPRO) and requested "the Director General to continue to report on progress made in the implementation of this resolution to the Board of Governors and to the General Conference at its fifty-fifth (2011) regular session under an appropriate agenda item".


Meetings

2013

Date Meeting Location
21-24 May Technical Meeting on Instrumentations and Control for Advanced SMRs IAEA, Vienna,
Austria
2-4 Sep Technical Meeting on SMRs Technology Development for Near-Term Deployment Chengdu, China
28-31 Oct Environmental Impact Assessment for SMRs Deployment in Newcomer Courtiers IAEA, Vienna,
Austria
12-14 Nov Constants' Meeting on Instrumentation and Control for Advanced SMRs IAEA, Vienna,
Austria
2012

Date Meeting Location
5-7 Mar Consultants' Meeting on Development of the draft NE Series Report on Options to Enhance Energy Supply Security using Energy Systems based on SMRs IAEA, Vienna,
Austria
11-13 Apr Consultants' Meeting on Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment on SMRs for Newcomer Countries IAEA, Vienna,
Austria
24-26 Apr The 4th Research Coordination Meeting of the CRP I31018 on Development of Advanced Methodologies for the Assessment of Passive Safety System Performance in Advanced Reactors IAEA, Vienna,
Austria
30 May - 1 Jun Consultants' Meeting on Incorporating Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Accident in SMR Technology Assessment for Design of Engineered Safety Systems IAEA, Vienna,
Austria
11-13 Sep Consultants' Meeting on Preparation of Toolkit for SMR Technology Assessment on the Reliability of Engineered Safety Features IAEA, Vienna,
Austria
9-11 Oct Consultants' Meeting on Developing a Preliminary Draft NE Series Report: Environmental Impact Assessment for SMR Deployment in Newcomer Countries IAEA, Vienna,
Austria


Publications Since 2005



Please contact NENP Technology Development Section - Contact Point if you have any questions.