Romania Plans to Undertake NESA
2013-03-19 | Romania has requested support from the IAEA to complete a Nuclear Energy System Assessment (NESA) using the INPRO Methodology.
Romania, which became a Member of INPRO in August 2012, intends to perform an assessment of its national nuclear energy system consisting of existing pressurized heavy water reactors and potential future light water reactors and the related nuclear fuel cycle.
“The NESA may help Romania to compare different nuclear energy systems to find the best scenarios for the sustainable development of our country”, said Mr F.C. Tatar, President of ANDR, Romania’s nuclear energy and radioactive waste agency. “The assessment results will be provided to the IAEA as a contribution from Romania for its membership in INPRO”
In the mid-March 2013, the two experts from the INPRO Group met with representatives from ANDR, the Ministry of Economics, the national regulatory body, the nuclear utility and research institutions in Bucharest to prepare and discuss the planned assessments. The meeting was hosted by ANDR.
“We discussed the scope and organisation of the project, as well as future collaboration between ANDR and the IAEA and the interaction among the national nuclear institutions to be involved in the NESA”, said Mr Jon Phillips of the INPRO Group.
The Romanian NESA study will be divided into two stages. In Stage 1, which would last about two years, future nuclear energy system scenarios, including the existing system, will be modelled and the areas of economics, infrastructure and waste management will be assessed using the INPRO Methodology.
During Stage 2, which is scheduled thereafter, the areas of proliferation resistance, physical protection, environment and safety of reactors and fuel cycle will be assessed.
Romania’s only nuclear power plant is located in Cernavoda. Two CANDU-6 units have been in operation since 1996 and 2007, producing roughly 20% of the country’s electricity.
Two further units at Cernavoda are partially completed and plans to finish those units are in preparation. In addition to reactors, Romania has supporting facilities including uranium mining, milling and conversion, CANDU fuel bundle fabrication and a heavy water plant. These facilities are scaled to fully supply existing operations at Cernavoda.
The Romanian nuclear authority intends to use the results of the NESA to support specific plans for developing the country’s nuclear energy sector.