• A new chapter in nuclear safeguards opens as the IAEA Board approves a Model Additional Protocol to safeguards agreements. It sets out new measures through which countries would accept stronger, more intrusive inspections on their territory.
  • Mohamed ElBaradei of Egypt, the Agency’s Assistant Director General in charge of External Relations, is appointed IAEA Director General, succeeding Dr. Hans Blix.
  • In New York, Kofi Annan of Ghana takes office as United Nations Secretary-General, succeeding Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt.
  • The changing realities affecting nuclear power development and its fuel cycle, including issues related to the disposition of rising plutonium stocks, are examined at an IAEA symposium in June.
  • Options for the use of nuclear energy at plants for desalting seawater are reviewed in the Republic of Korea at an IAEA symposium.
  • Global experts meet in Vienna to examine the role that isotopes play in understanding the complex processes affecting climate changes, and in investigating historical records.
  • In Japan, members of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change adopt an amendment to
    the global climate change treaty. The amendment, called the Kyoto Protocol, assigns mandatory
    targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas to signatory nations.


Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei became
IAEA Director General in 1997.

Mohamed ElBaradei