In April, the 28-member Nuclear
Suppliers Group adopts stronger controls on nuclear exports,
comprehensive IAEA safeguards.
IAEA launches a four-year project with Russia and Norway to assess the
dumping of radioactive wastes in the Arctic Seas.
United States and Russia sign the second Strategic Arms Control Reduction
the two countries begin to dismantle surplus nuclear
- In North
Korea, IAEA inspectors find “inconsistencies” from
the analysis of samples and measurements from safeguards inspections,
raising the question of whether the country has more plutonium than
it declared to the Agency. IAEA seeks to resolve differences with
authorities, to no avail, and the IAEA Board finds North Korea the
country in non-compliance with
its safeguards agreement. North Korea in March announces its
intention to withdraw from the NPT, then later suspends the move. The
Security Council backs the IAEA.
- In South
Africa, IAEA technical teams visit former nuclear weapon
sites, following the government’s announcement that it abandoned
its former nuclear-weapons programme before signing the NPT.
Vienna, the IAEA Board begins consideration of a safeguards
called “93+2” to
strengthen the effectiveness of safeguards and improve the system’s
including the capability to verify the absence or existence
of undeclared nuclear activities.