The UN Security Council, in a Summit
Declaration of 31 January, states that “the proliferation
all weapons of
mass destruction constitutes a threat to international
peace and security.”
It specifically underscores the “integral
role” of fully effective IAEA safeguards and the Council's resolve
to take “appropriate measures” in case of any violation brought
to its attention by the IAEA.
President Yeltsin announces major arms reductions; states that Russian
Federation has control of nuclear weapons (strategic A-bombs are
also located in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus).
IAEA proposes assistance
of nuclear materials from dismantled nuclear weapons
February, the IAEA Board considers various measures, and adopts several,
for strengthening the Agency's safeguards system.
- The Democratic
People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, North Korea) signs NPT-safeguards
with the IAEA, which enters into force in April 1992. IAEA
inspections begin in the DPRK in May 1992.
UN Conference on Environment and Development — the “Earth
— in Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil, in June adopts Agenda
21, a document calling for action to ensure the world's sustainable
development. The IAEA is made the focal point for issues related to nuclear