becomes the first country to place its entire nuclear programme under IAEA
with the Tlatelolco Treaty.
global NPT is
finalized and opens for signature. It essentially freezes the number
declared nuclear-weapon States at five (USA, Soviet Union (now
Russia), UK, France, China),
who are obligated to make “good
faith” efforts toward disarmament. Other States grouped
non-nuclear weapon States, who are required to forswear the nuclear
weapons option and to conclude comprehensive safeguards agreements
with the IAEA on their nuclear materials.
The Treaty provides for
these States to receive assistance for the transfer of technology
for peaceful applications of nuclear energy.