- Sweden’s Dr.Sigvard Eklund, a physicist, is appointed IAEA Director General.
- The IAEA's Laboratory opens in Seibersdorf, Austria, near Vienna, for global nuclear research.
- The Agency signs a trilateral agreement with Monaco and the Oceanographic Institute headed by Jacques Cousteau for research on the effects of radioactivity in the sea, an action that leads to creation of the IAEA Marine Environment Laboratory.
- An IAEA conference in Salzburg opens the door for global cooperation in nuclear fusion.
a time when atmospheric testing of nuclear bombs averages more than one
explosion per week, States adopt the Antarctic Treaty, the first nuclear-weapon-free-zone,
albeit in an area uninhabited by people.