IAEA officially comes into existence 29 July, the day when the required
number of Member
States ratify the Statute.
- In October, delegates from 59 States attend
the first General
Conference of the IAEA in Vienna, Austria.
- The IAEA's first Board
of Governors includes 23 Member States: Argentina, Australia, Brazil,
Canada, Czechoslovakia, France, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan,
Korea, Pakistan, Peru, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Turkey, Union of South
Africa, USSR, United Arab Republic (Egypt), United Kingdom, and USA.
France, countries agree to set up the European Nuclear
Energy Agency of the Organization for European Economic Cooperation
(today the NEA of the OECD).
- Six European countries sign the "Rome
treaties" establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and
the Common Market.
Soviet Union announces the launching of the first satellite into outer
the unmanned Sputnik-I.