At the concluding session of the IAEA General Conference in Vienna, States adopted resolutions including those on nuclear testing and the application of safeguards in the Middle East.
The full texts of these and other adopted resolutions are accessible over the IAEA's WorldAtom Internet services at http://www.iaea.org/GC/gc42 (For highlights of selected other resolutions adopted by the Conference this week, see IAEA Press Release PR 98/21, issued 25 September 1998.)
NUCLEAR TESTING. The Conference urged all States that have not yet done so to become Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), and to place all their nuclear material facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards as the Treaty requires, and to become Parties to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty, without delay and without conditions. It urged all States, especially those with the capability to produce fissile material, to support the negotiations for a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices with a view to completing these negotiations as quickly as possible. It further urged the five nuclear-weapon States to fulfil their commitments relating to nuclear disarmament under the NPT, and to intensify their efforts to reduce nuclear weapons globally, with the ultimate goal of eliminating those weapons.
APPLICATION OF IAEA SAFEGUARDS IN THE MIDDLE EAST. The Conference requested the Director General to continue consultations with the States of the Middle East to facilitate the early application of full-scope Agency safeguards to all nuclear activities in the region as relevant to the preparation of model agreements, as a necessary step towards the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region. It further requested the Director General to submit a report on the implementation of the resolution to the IAEA Board of Governors and to the General Conference at its forty-third session in 1999.